Zadanie 9. (3 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 0,5 punktu.
What kind of house will we buy in the future? Would you like your plants to call your cell phone to tell you that they need to 9.1. ____? Or a house that helps you lower your energy 9.2. ____ by automatically turning off the lights when you leave a room? It may sound like science fiction, but it already exists at the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago, Illinois.
The Smart Home uses green technology to keep 9.3. ____ of the energy it uses, including electricity, water and gas. The house’s energy dashboard keeps you informed of your energy use through your television and computer and greets you 9.4. ____ updates when you walk through the door.
The Smart Home is made entirely of recyclable and renewable materials and painted with paint that has 9.5. ____ toxins, so it is completely safe even for small children. The furnishings are made from used light bulbs, plastic bottles and other renewable materials, but 9.6. ____ you didn’t know, you would never guess. They look really stylish and comfortable!
9.1. A. be watered B. having been watered C. have watered D. water
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9.2. A. receipt B. bill C. account D. record
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9.3. A. an eye B. guard C. track D. balance
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9.4. A. through B. with C. by D. on
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9.5. A. no B. not C. neither D. none
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9.6. A. while B. until C. unless D. if
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Zadanie 8. (4 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst, z którego usunięto cztery zdania. Dobierz brakujące zdania, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i spójny tekst. W każdą lukę (8.1.–8.4.) wpisz literę, którą oznaczone jest brakujące zdanie (A–F). Uwaga: dwa zdania zostały podane dodatkowo i nie pasują do tekstu.Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz l punkt.
A BRIT IN THE USA REPORTS
Some days ago I was sitting in my New York flat watching the CBS Sunday Morning News, probably the most prestigious and serious news show on commercial TV in America. Its entertainment section featured a long interview with Susan Boyle, a Scottish woman who won the Britain’s Got Talent show. The interview was remarkable. 8.1. _____ It was rather so because it carried subtitles in English so that Americans could understand her!
It’s true that some British accents are impenetrable to many foreign ears, sometimes even hard to understand in other parts of the UK. 8.2. _____ Obviously, CBS thought otherwise.
I suspect this may be the start of a trend. Some British movies now carry subtitles in America when there are strong regional accents. I’ve even heard some English southerners demand subtitles when certain Scottish trade unionists are on TV.
The diversity of British voices is one of our glories, but if you can’t be understood even by other English-speaking countries, then clearly there is a problem. 8.3. _____ For example, Princess Anne had a tough time being understood when she visited some teenagers in New York during her visit to the States.
I have appeared regularly on US TV for almost three decades now, and fortunately, no US broadcaster has yet found it necessary to use subtitles. 8.4. ______ In matters of the heart it’s dangerous to be misunderstood.
A. Even I struggled to understand some folk when I was back in the Glasgow region recently.
B. I should add that some Americans also find very upper-class British accents hard to understand.
C. CBS explained that her Scottish accent was ‘a little difficult’ to understand.
D. Just to be sure, however, I think I’ll take an interpreter to my Valentine’s Day lunch.
E. Not because of anything that was said, though.
F. But I wouldn’t have thought Ms Boyle’s accent that hard to decipher among her fellow Brits or even Americans.
W lukę 8.1 należy wpisać zdanie:
W lukę 8.2 należy wpisać zdanie:
W lukę 8.3 należy wpisać zdanie:
W lukę 8.4 należy wpisać zdanie:
Zadanie 7. (5 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Last November I had a nightmare. It was 1924 and I was at Riverton again. All the doors hung wide open, silk moving in the summer breeze. An orchestra perched high on the hill beneath the ancient maple, violin music melting lazily in the warmth. The air rang with laughter and the sky was the kind of blue we’d all thought the war had destroyed forever.
I saw myself, the way one does in dreams, moving amongst the guests. Moving slowly, much more slowly than one can in real life. I was looking for someone. Then the picture changed and I was near the summer house, only it wasn’t the summer house at Riverton I loved so much. This was not the shiny new building Teddy had built but an old structure with ivy climbing the walls, twisting itself through the windows. Someone was calling me. A voice
I recognized. It was coming from behind the building on the lake’s edge. And then I saw her.
Hannah was wearing a wedding dress, mud splattered across the front. She looked up at me, her face pale where it emerged from shadow. ‘You’re too late,’ she said. And then I woke up. I know what brought it on, of course. It was the letter from the filmmaker. I don’t receive much mail these days: the occasional postcard from a holidaying friend; a letter from the bank where I keep a savings account; an invitation to the christening of a child whose parents I am shocked to realize are no longer children themselves.
The letter had arrived on a Tuesday morning late in November and Sylvia had brought it with her when she came to make my bed and do the laundry. She’d raised heavily made-up eyebrows and waved the envelope. ‘Mail today. Something from the States by the look of the stamp. Your grandson, perhaps?’
I gave her the weekly £50 and opened the letter. But it wasn’t from Marcus at all. It was from a young woman, Ursula Ryan, making a film about the past. She wanted me to look at her sets, to remember things and places from long ago, to tell her what our life was like back then. As if I hadn’t spent a lifetime pretending to forget.
At first, I ignored that letter. I folded it carefully and slid it inside a book I’d long ago given up reading. But I couldn’t stop thinking about it. The letter brought back to my mind the tragic events connected with Robbie and the Hartford sisters. I remembered a documentary I had watched months ago. Robbie’s face on the screen and his name printed across the bottom made my skin prickle. But nothing more happened. There was no mention of either Emmeline or Hannah.
Another time, reading the newspaper, my eye was drawn to Emmeline’s name in a write-up in the television guide; a program celebrating seventy years of British films.
I noted the time, wondering if I dared watch it. In the end I fell asleep before it finished.There was very little about Emmeline. A few publicity photos, none of which showed her true beauty, and a clip from one of her silent films. But these previous situations didn’t involve me. Ursula’s letter was different. It was the first time in over seventy years that anyone had associated me with the events, had remembered that a young woman named Grace Reeves had been at Riverton that summer.
It made me feel vulnerable somehow, singled out, guilty. No. I was certain. That letter would remain unanswered. And so it did. Strange things began to happen, though. Memories pushed back to the dark corners of my mind a long time ago, began to sneak through cracks. I have surprised myself. While moths
have torn holes in my recent memories, I find the distant past is sharp and clear. Lately these ghosts from the past come much more often, and I am surprised to find I don’t mind them. Not nearly so much as I had supposed I would. I had forgotten, I suppose, that there were some bright memories in amongst the dark.
When the second letter arrived last week I knew I was going to say yes, I would look at the sets. I was curious, a sensation I hadn’t felt in some time. There is not much left to be curious about when one is ninety-eight years old, but I wanted to meet this Ursula Ryan who plans to bring all these people to life again, who is so passionate about their story. So I wrote her a letter, had Sylvia post it for me and we arranged to meet.
adapted from House at Riverton by Kate Morton
7.1. In the nightmare, Grace
A. saw her own wedding reception.
B. met a woman she knew.
C. came across a familiar summer house.
D. heard a stranger calling her.
7.2. The letter Grace received
A. was brought by her maid.
B. had been sent by her relative.
C. concerned her American grandson.
D. contained details of her bank account.
7.3. The author of the letter wanted Grace to
A. play a part in a film.
B. give advice to the cast.
C. become a consultant for the film.
D. provide some documents from long ago.
7.4. The first letter from Ursula
A. made Grace read a book about the events from the past.
B. encouraged Grace to watch some films with Emmeline Hartford.
C. reminded Grace about some TV programs she had watched.
D. brought back memories of happy days with the Hartford sisters.
7.5. Grace decided to answer the second letter because she
A. wanted to find out what had really happened at Riverton.
B. decided to convince people that she wasn’t guilty.
C. regretted she had lied about the events at Riverton.
D. got interested in the woman who had contacted her.
Zadanie 6. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z szefem kuchni. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Interviewer: Today I’m talking to David Lawrence, a chef whose programme is watched by millions of viewers every week. Could you first tell us when you became interested in cooking?
Chef David Lawrence: Having a mom who was always experimenting in the kitchen means interest in cooking is just something that feels natural to me. She’s fearless when it comes to trying new things and I think that rubbed off on me. Her best attempts didn’t always turn out right, but you learn to improvise this way. And if something went really wrong, which happened like two or three times, as well as I remember, we just kept the pizza delivery
number close by! My mom cooked every night and we sat down together to have the meal. I didn’t appreciate that as a kid, I preferred to go out with friends or play a game, but now I love the fact that we had that time together as a family. When I was growing up mom encouraged me to make my own food, get in the kitchen and experiment with what we had in the fridge. But at the time neither of us had any idea that she was actually giving me the
foundation for my future vocation.
Interviewer: Why did you decide to pursue a culinary career?
Chef David Lawrence: I never even entertained the idea of cooking for a living until my mid-twenties! If you’d told me 10 years ago when I first moved to L.A. that I would eventually end up as a chef and cookbook author, I’d have told you that you were crazy. I moved to Los Angeles at 23 because my mom suggested I might continue my studies there. But, honestly, the main reason was that I dreamt of becoming a film star. And like all starving artists I needed a “real job” to pay the rent. I’m too clumsy to be a waiter but I really enjoyed cooking so I found a catering company that was willing to hire me with no professional kitchen experience. They basically handed me a knife and an apron and told me to keep up or get out! And that’s how it all started.
Interviewer: And now a more practical question. I’m sure you have hundreds of recipes at home. How do you organize them? On a computer, recipe cards or do you have a filing system?
Chef David Lawrence: I wish I was that organized! Many of my recipes are just floating around in my head and the rest are scrawled on scraps of paper and scattered about the house. Occasionally I save them on my computer. I also have a white board on the side of my fridge that has lots of recipes on it. I live in constant fear that a recipe will be erased before I transcribe it or forget what it all means. The transcribing is still on my to-do list.
Interviewer: Do you have any amusing kitchen incidents to share with us? Chef David Lawrence: I screen tested for a cooking show that required me to make an appetizer from start to finish in no more than ten minutes without using any heat. It happened to be the middle of summer, one of the hottest days of the year, I was sweating awfully and was a nervous wreck! As the cameras started to roll I began to slice the mango, all the while trying to talk to the camera, be engaging and keep the segment moving along. Without realizing it, I cut my finger and started bleeding all over the cutting board! The director yelled “cut”, my assistant fainted at the sight of the blood, and of course, I didn’t get the job. But the recipe I created, Brie and Mango Wraps with Lime Sauce, is the one good thing that came from that experience. It’s been one of my customers’ favourites for years. And many celebrities appearing in the programme also asked for the recipe so it’s a big hit of mine.
Interviewer: I’m starting to feel hungry! David, thank you for talking to us.
adapted from www.foodreference.com/html/interview-lawrence-2.html
6.1. When David was a child,
A. his mother often ordered pizza for dinner.
B. he enjoyed having a family meal every day.
C. his mother liked improvising in the kitchen.
D. he encouraged his mother to use new ingredients.
6.2. David went to Los Angeles in order to
A. get the necessary experience as a waiter.
B. start his own catering company.
C. train to become a chef.
D. pursue an acting career.
6.3. How does David organize his recipes?
A. He writes down every recipe he comes up with.
B. He uses different methods to record his recipes.
C. He has a collection of well-organized recipe books.
D. He sticks printed recipes on the side of the fridge.
6.4. During a screen test for a cooking show, David
A. invented one of his specialties.
B. yelled at the director.
C. fainted at the sight of blood.
D. prepared an appetizer that got him a job on TV.
6.5. In the interview, David mentions
A. the names of celebrities appearing in his show.
B. the recipes which got him some awards.
C. other professional chefs who inspired him.
D. the jobs he did before becoming a celebrity chef.
Zadanie 5. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie pięć wiadomości. Do każdej wiadomości (5.1.–5.5.) dopasuj właściwy nagłówek (A–G). Wpisz rozwiązania do tabeli. Uwaga: dwa nagłówki zostały podane dodatkowo i nie odnoszą się do żadnej wiadomości. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
A number of pupils at St Cecilia’s College in Londonderry were 20 minutes late for their exam because the driver declared his vehicle unfit to drive. Billy Kerr, who was suspended after the incident, explained he had been involved in a minor accident the previous week and wanted action taken because he couldn’t see clearly through the window. He said he didn’t want to start the bus because he considered it to be a risk to pupils and other road sers. After arriving at school the pupils were allowed to write the exam and were given some extra time to complete the paper.
A 47-year-old man was seriously injured after his van was involved in a collision with a school bus. The accident happened near Ednam, just after the school pick-up started at 8.20 a.m. Both drivers were freed by firefighters using special equipment and were taken to hospital for treatment. The van driver’s injuries have been described as life-threatening while the bus driver is said to be in a stable condition. The teenage passengers on the bus were treated for minor injuries at the scene. Luckily, none of them had to be hospitalized.
A bus driver has been charged with dangerous driving after one of the pupils filmed him talking on his mobile phone and taking both hands off the steering wheel during a school run. The girl showed the clip recorded on her mobile to her parents, who reported the matter to the police. Colin Minall, who was driving the 35-seater bus to and from schools in Chester, was dismissed from the company. During the trial his solicitor said there was a huge irony in the case because it was Minall’s employers who had rung him to ask where he was, as parents were concerned that their children hadn’t returned on time.
Pupils were given a mystery tour of Bury in Manchester as their bus driver lost his way to school. The driver, who had started work only a few days before the incident, took one wrong turn after another. After an hour of desperately trying to find the way to school, the driver eventually gave up and rang the bus station to find out how to get there. He was given the right directions to the school and the pupils arrived in class two hours late. A spokesman for the bus company said the driver would be dismissed if such an incident ever happened again.
A school bus driver has been praised after leading his young passengers to safety as his vehicle went up in flames on a rural road in North Lincolnshire. About 25 children were on board the coach when it caught fire next to a level crossing near Brigg, on Wednesday. All of them were unharmed and continued their journeys to three schools in Brigg in two replacement buses. The local council said the driver’s actions had prevented a possible
tragedy, by ensuring the safety of his passengers and by trying to extinguish the fire.
adapted from www.guardian.co.uk
A. BUS DRIVER FINED FOR DANGEROUS DRIVING 5.1.
B. BUS GOES OFF ROUTE – PUPILS LATE FOR SCHOOL 5.2.
C. KIDS TAKEN TO HOSPITAL AFTER A COLLISION 5.3.
D. IRRESPONSIBLE BUS DRIVER FIRED FROM WORK 5.4.
E. BUS DRIVER REFUSES TO DRIVE FOR PUPILS’ SAFETY 5.5.
F. RESCUE SERVICES HELP VICTIMS OF A CRASH
G. LIFE-THREATENING INCIDENT DEALT WITH BY A BUS DRIVER
Właściwy nagłówek dla zadania 5.1 to:
Właściwy nagłówek dla zadania 5.2 to:
Właściwy nagłówek dla zadania 5.3 to:
Właściwy nagłówek dla zadania 5.4 to:
Właściwy nagłówek dla zadania 5.5 to:
Zadanie 4. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie informację o wykładzie znanej podróżniczki, Ann Bancroft. Zaznacz znakiem X, które zdania są zgodne z treścią nagrania (T – True), a które nie (F – False). Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
One of the world’s pre-eminent polar explorers comes to Wright State University on Friday to share her experience of leading several expeditions to such remote places on Earth as Antarctica, Greenland and the Northwest Territories in Canada. Ann Bancroft, who is the first woman in history to reach both the North and South Poles on skis, will give a free, public lecture on the Dayton campus. The lecture will be a part of the university program to promote women’s unusual achievements and to inspire women to pursue their individual dreams. After the lecture Bancroft will be promoting her new book. All proceeds from sales will be donated to a university fund providing scholarships to talented female students. Ann Bancroft is also currently an instructor for Wilderness Inquiry, which is an organization that runs outdoor events for disabled people and helps them enjoy the wilderness all year round.
The lecture will also be an occasion to promote another event taking place next weekend. The Adventure Summit, now in its fourth year, is an annual public event celebrating the spirit of outdoor adventure. The Summit will include exhibitions, presentations and workshops on outdoor activities and lifestyles. There will be a first aid workshop, a climbing competition, a swimming championship, a bicycle race and a garden party with stalls selling refreshments and organic food. All events, with the exception of the kayak and climbing competition, are free of charge so outdoor enthusiasts of all ages are invited to join the event.
adapted from www.wright.edu/cgi-bin/cm/news.cgi?action=news_item&id=1521
4.1. During the lecture Ann Bancroft is going to encourage women to join her next expedition.
4.2. The money collected during the event will go to a charity run by Ann Bancroft.
4.3. One of the organisations Ann co-operates with helps handicapped people.
4.4. The Adventure Summit is an initiative taking place for the first time.
4.5. There is a charge for some competitive events during the Adventure Summit.
Zadanie 6. (7 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Mom got the postcard a few days ago. It says Congratulations in big curly letters, and at the very top is the address of Studio TV-15 on West 58th Street. After three years of trying, she has actually made it. She’s going to be a contestant on The $20,000 Pyramid, which is hosted by Dick Clark. At the bottom of the card there’s the date she’s supposed to show up, April 27.
On the postcard there’s also a list of things to bring. She needs some extra clothes in case she wins and makes it to another show. I think she should definitely take some hats with her.
Unlike me, Mom has glossy red hair which might distract viewers. She could also visit her hairdresser to have her hair dyed, but if I tell her so, she won’t listen. Yesterday Mom brought a big paper calendar from work and hung it on the kitchen wall. She drew a pyramid on April 27 and put dollar signs and exclamation marks all around it. Then, she went out and bought a fancy egg timer that can accurately measure half a minute, which is the time she gets to answer in the show.
April twenty-seventh is also Richard’s birthday. Richard is Mom’s boyfriend who works in a bank. He studied languages, so he and I are going to help Mom practise every single night. That’s why I sit at my desk every afternoon and write down questions for her. Instead, I should be watching after-school TV, which is the right of every latchkey child. ‘Latchkey child’ is a name for a kid with keys who stays alone at home after school until a grown-up gets back from work to make dinner. Mom hates that expression. ‘I’m sure someone rich, strict and awful invented it. Probably German,’ she says, looking at Richard, who is German but not at all rich, strict or awful.
Richard looks the way I imagine guys on sailboats do – tall, blond, and suntanned. Or maybe I imagine guys on sailboats that way because Richard loves to sail. He looks especially big next to Mom, who’s short and so tiny she has to buy some of her clothes in the kids’ department.
We have exactly twenty-one days to get Mom ready for the game show. So just like every afternoon, I’m copying words for her practice session tonight when I hear Mom’s key in the door.
‘Miranda? I’m back!’ she calls down the hall and a moment later sticks her head in my room.
‘Are you hungry? I thought we could wait with dinner for Richard.’
‘I can wait.’ The truth is I’ve just eaten an entire bag of crisps. After-school junk food is another fundamental right of the latchkey child.
‘Are you sure? Want me to cut up an apple for you?’
‘What’s a kind of German junk food?’ I ask her. ‘Wiener crispies?’
She stares at me. ‘I have no idea. Do you want the apple or not?’
‘No, and get out of here. I’m doing the words for later.’
‘Great.’ She smiles and goes back to the kitchen. I get back to my word piles. I really hope Mom wins the money!
adapted from www.bookbrowse.com/excerpts/index.cfm/When-You-Reach-Me
6.1. The postcard says that Miranda’s mother
A. won an important competition.
B. received $20,000 from the Dick Clark Show.
C. qualified to take part in a TV show.
D. got a full-time job with Studio TV-15.
6.2. After getting the good news, Miranda’s mother
A. bought some new clothes.
B. marked the date in the calendar.
C. went to the hairdresser’s.
D. went shopping for groceries.
6.3. Miranda intends to help her mother by
A. preparing questions for her.
B. organizing Richard’s birthday party.
C. making dinner every day.
D. watching some TV programmes.
6.4. Miranda may be called a ‘latchkey child’ because
A. no one is at home when she returns from school.
B. she hasn’t got the key to her house.
C. her mother collects her from school after work.
D. she doesn’t eat dinner at home.
6.5. Which is true about Richard?
A. He is a strict German teacher.
B. He doesn’t like sailing.
C. He is taller than Miranda’s mother.
D. He has a lot of money.
6.6. When her mother returns home, Miranda
A. wants to have dinner as soon as possible.
B. feels like having Wiener crispies.
C. is finishing her bag of crisps.
D. does not want to eat anything.
6.7. The story is about
A. a teenager who wants to take part in a TV show.
B. a mother worried about her daughter.
C. a woman preparing for an important day.
D. a family who intend to move to Germany.
ROZUMIENIE PISANEGO TEKSTU
Zadanie 4. (7 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Dobierz właściwy nagłówek (A–H) do każdego fragmentu tekstu. Wpisz odpowiednią literę w miejsca 4.1.–4.7. Uwaga: jeden nagłówek został podany dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnego fragmentu tekstu. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
A. Buy local products
B. Produce less rubbish
C. Avoid flying
D. Take part in local cultural events
E. Share your travel books
F. Find a green travel agent
G. Drive less
H. Save energy
GREEN TRAVEL TIPS
About 700 million people worldwide travel every year, which is harmful for the environment. There’s a lot you can do to travel responsibly and reduce the environmental effects of travelling.
The public transport system in Britain is excellent. Try to include car-free days into your holiday. Remember that cycling is a great environmentally friendly way to get around. And why not check if the place you want to visit is within walking distance? Sightseeing on foot will keep you fit!
Hotels use large amounts of electricity to light rooms, do the laundry and heat water. In your accommodation, turn off the lights and take short showers instead of baths. Simple things like using your towels more than once or turning off the air-conditioning can make a big difference.
Book flights with airlines that recycle packages left after serving food to passengers. In hotel rooms, reuse the plastic cups, or bring your own reusable cups. And do not take plastic bags for your shopping. It’s really important to reduce waste.
Do your shopping in small independent shops. Try regional food specialities and don’t miss farmers’ markets where you can discover delicious selections of meats, cheeses, and organic products.
Once you’ve finished your trip, pass on your sightseeing guides and brochures to a friend or second-hand bookshop. You can also leave them at your hotel for another guest to use – that way you’ll have less to carry back home and someone else will take advantage of local attractions.
Did you know you can take connecting trains from hundreds of European destinations direct to London’s King’s Cross Station? Planes produce huge amounts of pollution, so whenever possible consider travelling by train or coach.
Before you book a package tour or an excursion, ask the tour operator about group size and the hotels you are going to stay in. Remember that smaller groups and smaller hotels are better for the environment. Local tourist guides are also an advantage. They can tell you more about local culture than any travel book.
adapted from www.visitbritain.co.uk
Zadanie 5. (6 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Zaznacz znakiem X, które zdania są zgodne z treścią tekstu (T – True), a które nie (F – False). Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
BEN & JERRY’S – THE MEN BEHIND THE ICE CREAM
Ice cream is a sweet treat that most people like. Although vanilla is the most popular flavor worldwide, the number of varieties and producers is endless. One of the best-known companies producing ice cream in America is Ben & Jerry’s. But who were Ben and Jerry and how did they succeed?
Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield were childhood friends and classmates who grew up in Brooklyn. They both had some experience of work while they were at school. Ben drove an ice cream truck and Jerry sold candy and snacks in the school cafeteria. However, after graduating from high school they went their own ways. Ben attended various colleges in the Northeast but failed his exams and decided to leave his studies to teach pottery on a working farm in the Adirondack region. Jerry attended Oberlin College where he studied medicine. After graduating, Jerry returned to New York to work as a lab technician.
While working there, he shared a Manhattan apartment with Ben and that’s when they decided to go into the food business together.
At first they thought about making bagels or setting up a bakery but they found out that the necessary equipment was too expensive. Instead, they chose ice cream. They decided Burlington was an ideal location for an ice cream shop because it was a college town with many young people and virtually no competition. They moved out of New York, took a course in ice cream making and in 1978 opened the first Ben & Jerry’s in a converted gas station.
Their original ice cream shop became the locals’ favorite, not only thanks to its wonderful ice cream and creative flavors. Ben and Jerry also did their best to connect with the community by organizing special events, for example film festivals, and giving away free scoops of ice cream on the first anniversary of the store opening. The tradition still continues today, so if you happen to be in the US on the right day, you can also get your free scoop of Ben and Jerry’s ice cream.
adapted from www.entrepreneurs.about.com/od/famousentrepreneurs/p/benandjerrys.htm
5.1. When they were at school, Ben and Jerry did the same job.
5.2. They decided to set up an ice cream company when they were at university.
5.3. Ben and Jerry had other business ideas before opening an ice cream shop.
5.4. They opened their first ice cream shop in New York.
5.5. Ben and Jerry wanted to have good relations with the local people.
5.6. The text is about the most popular ice cream flavors in the USA.
Zadanie 3. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z nastolatką, która jest znanym fotografem. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania. Zakreśl literę A, B lub C. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Interviewer: Today in our studio I’m talking to Eleanor Hardwick, a fifteen-year-old teenager who has already photographed some top fashion models. Eleanor, when did you start taking photographs and how did you become interested in fashion photography?
Eleanor: I started taking photos when I was eight. I began with taking pictures of my dolls, teddy bears and puppies. I only had a simple, cheap camera I got from my older brother for my birthday. Soon my parents realised photography was my passion, so I got a new camera for Christmas, this time a professional one. I started taking part in photography competitions but with no success. Then, about three years ago I got interested in fashion photography.
Interviewer: So, how did you get started in the profession?
Eleanor: Well, I put my photos on a number of websites. Two years ago I got the first response. It was from the BBC. They wanted to use one of my photos. Then, a gallery from Bristol contacted me, but I had too little time to do an exhibition for them. And then, last August, I gave an interview to a fashion magazine. Some people from show business read it and soon I started to get more offers and clients. I was really surprised that suddenly so many people got interested in my work.
Interviewer: On your Internet site you show a great variety of photos. But what do you like photographing the most when you are not at work?
Eleanor: Ever since I was little, I’ve never had much interest in landscapes. I suppose a famous landmark, such as the Eiffel Tower, can only be photographed in a few ways, but every person is different and keeps changing all the time. So even when I’m on holiday, I photograph mostly local people’s faces and their everyday life rather than the palm trees and scenery around.
Interviewer: I really liked your photographs of Africa. Did you go there to do a photo session?
Eleanor: Not really. It was a family holiday. We had a lot of fun, did a lot of sightseeing together and we got to know many wonderful people who live there. We’re still in touch with them, we write emails to each other and are planning our next holiday together.
Interviewer: You’ve already worked with some top fashion models. What is it like?
Eleanor: It’s wonderful to work with professional models as you can really see how well they pose. They really understand what I’m trying to get in the photograph. And even if they’re sad or unhappy, they can smile and perfectly express the emotions I want them to show.
They never complain and they always put on the clothes I ask them to wear even if they look funny or strange in them.
Interviewer: Eleanor, thank you very much for talking to us.
adapted from www.magicalplacesfineart.com
3.1. In childhood, Eleanor
A. got her first camera for Christmas.
B. photographed her toys and pets.
C. won her first photo competition.
3.2. Which event was the most important one for her career?
A. a magazine interview
B. an exhibition in Bristol
C. an offer from the BBC
3.3. On holiday, Eleanor likes taking photos of
A. beautiful landscapes.
B. tourist attractions.
C. ordinary people.
3.4. When Eleanor was in Africa, she
A. made many new friends.
B. did some sightseeing with her old friends.
C. had a photo session with her family.
3.5. Eleanor likes working with fashion models because they
A. always show their real emotions.
B. do exactly what she wants them to do.
C. bring their own unusual clothes.
ROZUMIENIE SŁUCHANEGO TEKSTU
Zadanie 1. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wypowiedzi pięciu nastolatków wspominających swoje dzieciństwo. Do każdej osoby (1.1.–1.5.) dopasuj zdanie podsumowujące jej wypowiedź (A–F). (Wpisz rozwiązania do tabeli.) Uwaga: jedno zdanie podane zostało dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnej wypowiedzi. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Let’s listen to some teenagers remembering important events from their childhood.
I first rode a bike was when I was 5 years old. My older brother was watching me and I wanted to show him how good I was, so I got on the bike and started going down the road very quickly. Suddenly I saw a big wall in front of me but there was no way I could stop, and I hit it. I had to spend five nights in hospital and my leg was so bad that I couldn’t ride for two weeks.
I’ll never forget the first time I got the chance to sing on the radio. I was visiting the studio with my class and one of the radio announcers suggested one of us sing a song in a phone-in programme. My teacher asked me and I thought, “Why not?” I was so excited. I stood in front of the microphone for the first time in my life and it felt great! I don’t even remember the title of the song but at that moment I decided I wanted to be a singer.
One of my worst childhood memories was a race in the nursery school. I was very close to the finishing line. My father, who was watching me, was so excited that he got up and started shouting at me to go faster. I slowed down for a moment to look at him and someone ran past me. After the race my dad was angry. I got a silver medal but I cried all the way home.
I was going to sing in a school production of My Fair Lady, which is my favourite musical. When the day came, I was ill and my mum wanted me to stay at home. My part wasn’t very important but I was looking forward to the show so much! So I told my mum I would run away from home if I couldn’t go on stage and begged her to let me go. She finally agreed, but I got to school five minutes after my first song. I felt so sad and disappointed!
When I was in primary school my class was preparing a show for Mother’s Day and my teacher wanted me to play the piano. It was just a short piece but I was very nervous. I had practised for days but when I saw all the people in the audience I just couldn’t do it. I ran home crying. But later on my mum asked me to play just for her. I did it and it made her so happy that I quickly forgot the unfortunate day.
A. I was late for my performance.
B. I had an accident.
C. I chose my future career.
D. I disappointed one of my parents.
E. I won a school competition.
F. I got scared of performing in public.
Zdaniem podsumowującym dla osoby 1.1 jest odpowiedź:
Zdaniem podsumowującym dla osoby 1.2 jest odpowiedź:
Zdaniem podsumowującym dla osoby 1.3 jest odpowiedź:
Zdaniem podsumowującym dla osoby 1.4 jest odpowiedź:
Zdaniem podsumowującym dla osoby 1.5 jest odpowiedź:
Zadanie 2. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie komunikat dotyczący Dnia Sportu. (Zaznacz znakiem X,) które zdania są zgodne z treścią nagrania (T – True), a które nie (F – False). Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
I have an announcement concerning the Sports Day in the school next Friday. There will be no classes on that day. The competitions start at 9.30 a.m. but all students are expected to arrive at least half an hour earlier and report to their class teachers as soon as possible. All pupils should take part in competitions but if you are not feeling well and cannot take part in the events, you must arrive on the day with a special form signed by one of your parents.
The weather forecast says it’ll be hot on Friday, so please remember to bring sun cream and a hat. If the temperature is over 35 degrees, we will shorten or cancel the event and classes will continue as normal.
Now a few words about clothing. Remember that all pupils taking part in the events must wear their class T-shirts with the special logo for the whole day, especially during competitions. Wearing your PE uniform or another T-shirt might mean that your score won’t be recorded and you will lose points for your class. That’s all, if you have any questions, ask your class teacher.
adapted from www.mail2.smcc-canossian.org