matura 2008 jar

WYPOWIEDŹ PISEMNA

Zadanie 3. (18 pkt)
Wypowiedz się na jeden z trzech poniższych tematów. Wypowiedź powinna zawierać od 200 do 250 słów i spełniać wszystkie wymogi typowe dla formy wskazanej w poleceniu. Zaznacz wybrany temat, zakreślając jego numer.

1. Opisz nauczyciela, którego podziwiasz za umiejętność rozbudzania zainteresowań młodzieży oraz odpowiednie podejście do problemów młodych ludzi.

The most memorable person at school was our biology teacher, Miss Nowak. I think she was a role model in every way. The fact that she taught us biology was incidental. Above all, she helped us in the difficult task of growing up.

First of all, she was a person who commanded respect. Not only was she fully conscious of her own worth, but she treated us with respect too. She was ready to listen and answer our questions no matter if they concerned biology or anything else. We knew that we could come to her with our problems, knowing that she would help us to solve them. She never made snide remarks or labelled us as losers just because we were not coping with adolescent problems.

In fact, she probably knew more of our secrets than our parents. As to biology, she had a hands-on approach. Instead of droning on about the life-cycle of animals, we hatched out ducklings in the laboratory and had a wonderful time watching them grow. Instead of reading about the growth of yeast cells, we made bread and observed the process for ourselves. In this way we became curious about the world and eager to carry out our own research.

I admire her because she had the ability to infect us with her love of life and passion for biology. She found inspiration in everything around her, including us, which was a great encouragement and motivated us to try harder and live more wisely.

2. Napisz opowiadanie o przygodzie, która miała miejsce w czasie wędrówki w górach, pod tytułem: “A Dangerous Creature”.

Last year my friend and I planned a skiing holiday in the mountains. Unfortunately, when we arrived in our resort we found the slopes bare and all the lifts closed. Bitterly disappointed but determined to make the best of our holiday, we decided to go trekking instead.
The next day we set off early on a path that took us into a beautiful nature reserve. We had walked about 10 km before we decided to take a break for lunch near a tumbling stream. Just as we were enjoying our sandwiches a bear appeared on the opposite bank. We froze in fear for a moment. Then we both acted impulsively – we left our sandwiches on the rocks and backed off. The bear looked thin and bedraggled. It came across the water, sniffed the food, then ate hungrily. Fearing the sandwiches may not be enough for him, we hastily climbed the nearest tree. The bear lingered for a long time, then finally trudged back across the stream and vanished.
Still cautious, we climbed down from the tree and headed for our hostel.
We arrived back just before nightfall exhausted and ravenously hungry. On hearing our story, the landlord told us that the warm winter had confused the bears and many had come out of hibernation. Now that we were safe and sound we felt rather ashamed of our fear, realizing that the bear might not have been as dangerous as we thought.

3. Budowa autostrad jest szansą na rozwój kraju, ale stwarza też zagrożenie dla obszarów o wartości przyrodniczej. Napisz rozprawkę, w której przedstawisz zagrożenia i korzyści wynikające z realizacji tego typu projektów.

Extensive plans of building motorways in Poland raise much controversy. Road networks play a key role in developing a nation’s infrastructure and are an essential factor for economy growth.
However, very often such development comes at the cost of the natural environment. Let us look at advantages and disadvantages of such projects.
In an age when many species are facing extinction, road construction carves up the countryside, destroying the habitat of precious fauna and flora and the greater volume of traffic inevitably leads to an increase in pollution. What’s more roadbuilding naturally stimulates the growth of road-side services such as shops, petrol stations, or hotels, further encroaching on the countryside and threatening its unspoilt beauty.

Yet a poor road network also brings innumerable problems. Traffic destined for major cities has to travel through small country towns, causing congestion and safety hazard for local people. Huge articulated trucks forced onto narrow winding roads damage the road surface which is not designed to take them. And tourist industry in many parts of Poland may not grow as quickly as it would, if the road access there were better.

Protection of the environment is crucial and should not be neglected. However, preventing road development cannot be considered a sensible solution. Although the problem seems irresolvable, many countries have shown that with careful planning and strict regulation compromise is possible. Hopefully, Poland will be one of them.

matura 2007 jar

WYPOWIEDŹ PISEMNA

Zadanie 3. (18 pkt)
Wypowiedz się na jeden z trzech poniższych tematów. Wypowiedź powinna zawierać od 200 do 250 słów i spełniać wszystkie wymogi typowe dla formy wskazanej w poleceniu. Zaznacz wybrany temat, zakreślając jego numer.

1. Coraz więcej młodych Polaków decyduje się wyjechać na Wyspy Brytyjskie w celu podjęcia studiów. Napisz rozprawkę przedstawiającą dobre i złe strony tego zjawiska.

PRZYKŁADY Z ARKUSZA CKE

With Poland’s entry into the EU, more and more young people decide to take up studies abroad and English, the leading language of commerce and science, makes the UK an obvious destination. Such a choice is an exciting option for Polish school-leavers but at the same time carries a number of risks.

There is no better way of improving your English than immerse yourself in British culture whose cosmopolitan character is sure to broaden your horizons.

Another important advantage is that you gain access to wide educational resources and best-equipped scientific centres which guarantee fast professional development. Such graduates bring with them to Poland invaluable experience and a wealth of ideas which benefit the Polish market.

However, not everyone is cut out for the challenge of surviving in a foreign country. Without the support of the nearest and dearest newcomers may find it really difficult to adjust. It is also important to choose carefully the educational establishment you enrol to. Standards vary and not every institution guarantees a bright future career.

Even potential success has its cost. The best students are snapped up by British employers, which often means isolation from the family and on the more global scale a brain drain on the Polish economy.

All in all, studying in the UK is definitely a learning experience and a chance for a brighter professional future, but it may also mean alienation and economic problems for our country. Therefore, everything should be done to make sure Polish students have a good enough reason to return.

2. Napisz opowiadanie o przestępstwie, którego sprawca został złapany na gorącym uczynku, zatytułowane „Crime Doesn’t Pay”.

Crime Doesn’t Pay

I was coming home the other day and as usual the bus was crowded. People were squashed against one another as the driver veered round bends and braked at the stops. Suddenly an old lady cried out: “Thief on the bus! Help! My wallet’s been stolen!”. There was some commotion and everyone turned to look, but nobody was sure who the culprit was.
The bus was just coming into the next stop. No doubt the pickpocket intended to jump off, but as so often happens on these old bone-shakers, one set of doors wouldn’t open. Meanwhile, a ticket inspector jumped on at the back. In a moment the doors closed and the ticket machines were blocked. The old lady smiled broadly.
“Now he’ll hopefully get what he deserves,” she whispered. The ticket inspector approached a young man in a baseball cap and demanded his ticket. The young man shifted uneasily but there was no way to escape. He pulled out a wallet obviously hoping to find a valid ticket inside, but all he found was a pensioner’s pass. “I think you’ll find that’s mine,” the lady called over. The ticket inspector called the police and the man was soon dealt with. He was no doubt fined for the ticket offence as well as for the theft. The whole incident certainly cheered the rest of the passengers up as we continued our journey satisfied that the man had been caught red-handed and the crime didn’t go unpunished.

3. Napisz recenzję poleconej Ci przez kogoś wystawy, która Cię rozczarowała.

Not knowing what to show a friend who paid me a visit recently, I chose a modern art exhibition recommended in a magazine by one of my favourite actors. The exhibition entitled “Warsaw Impressions”, just opened in the Meridian Gallery, was advertised as a unique display of the most exciting exhibits by Warsaw’s leading contemporary artists reflecting on the nature of city life.
We came with high hopes for an inspiring afternoon, but we left really disappointed. The first blow came at the ticket office where we had to pay a mind-blowing 40 PLN entrance fee. We proceeded into the first room, only to be greeted by four seemingly blank canvases and a small plaque which read “Warsaw Thoughts”. A little confused, we moved on but other exhibits were of similar quality – a strange installation entitled “The Sound of Warsaw”, deformed sculptures showing “Warsaw Blues” and virtually nothing to catch one’s eye or stimulate your imagination – just a collection of several
randomly chosen works by unknown artists.
Maybe we missed the point but to make things worse there was no guidebook or anybody who could give us some background information or explain the idea behind these ‘masterpieces’. In the end we both felt that if one wanted to reflect on the nature of city life, a much better effect could be achieved by standing on a pavement outside or at a busy crossroads, so if you don’t want to spend a fortune and waste an afternoon, choose something else instead.

matura 2006 jar

WYPOWIEDŹ PISEMNA

Zadanie 17. (18 pkt)
Wypowiedz się na jeden z trzech poniższych tematów. Wypowiedź powinna zawierać od 200 do 250 słów i spełniać wszystkie wymogi typowe dla formy wskazanej w poleceniu. Zaznacz temat, który wybrałeś/aś, zakreślając jego numer.

1. Napisz recenzję Twojego ulubionego anglojęzycznego czasopisma. Uzasadnij swój wybór, podkreślając jego przydatność w nauce języka angielskiego.

PRZYKŁADY Z ARKUSZA CKE

If you have a bit of money to spare, it is worth treating yourself to a copy of the world-famous magazine – National Geographic. It is brought out every
month in over 30 countries and has a circulation of around 5 million copies. Although it is available also in Polish, I would recommend the English version which can provide a really inspiring and pleasurable way of improving your English.

National Geographic is renowned for its breathtaking photography. You will probably spend hours just pouring over the colourful images, but if you start to read through the accompanying articles, you will find them equally fascinating. The articles appearing in the magazine are richly varied – ranging from wildlife and archaeology to culture and astronomy – so anyone with a natural curiosity for the world around us will find something of interest.
Reading this magazine is also an excellent way of widening your vocabulary and improving your written style. It contains journalism of the highest class by some of the best authors, so apart from presenting inviting material, it lets you discover the beauty of the language, which will inspire you to learn more.

I can thoroughly recommend this magazine to all learners of English – reading is challenging but well worth the effort. Not only will you improve your
language skills in this way, but you will also have something to talk about when you meet fellow-travellers on your numerous journeys.

2. Coraz mniej młodych ludzi decyduje się na zawarcie małżeństwa przed trzydziestym rokiem życia. Napisz rozprawkę przedstawiającą wady i zalety zakładania rodziny w późniejszym wieku.

These days young people have many more opportunities in life than the previous generations and the decision to start a family is often put off. Does it always make sense to postpone this step? Are you really better off marrying in your 30s or later?

Statistics warn against rushing into marriage and show that early marriages are much more likely to end in divorce than those taken later in life. Maturity and experience seem essential not only for a lasting relationship but also for raising children. Another important factor is financial stability. When you start a family, you want to be sure you can support it, and there is no doubt it is easier to attain a safe position at work when you are not restricted by domestic duties.

Yet, there are concerns that people who settle down too late may have problems starting a family. Generally, the longer people are free and single, the more reluctantly they give up this independence and decide to tie the knot. Even when they do, it may be more difficult for women to become pregnant, deliver a healthy baby and later cope with both domestic and professional duties, especially that grandparents are ageing and can’t serve as reliable baby-sitters.

To sum up, school leavers nowadays are unlikely to claim that their main ambition is to get married and have children, but when they have reached
the top and got tired of work, they might look with envy at those with a home and family already made.

3. Opisz wydarzenie sportowe, które zapamiętałeś/aś ze względu na dobre przygotowanie oraz szczególną atmosferę.

For many people the Wimbledon Championships, just like cricket, 5 o’clock tea and the Oxford-Cambridge boat race, are a quintessentially English event,
in which you participate not because you are a keen tennis fan, but because you want to sample the unique atmosphere of this occasion. On arriving at Wimbledon tube station at the end of June, you may feel discouraged by the sight of the long queue stretching as far as the eye can see. However, it turns out that queuing is part of the whole event – people come prepared with books and magazines, they chat to each other in a friendly manner while vendors go up and down with drinks, newspapers and, of course, strawberries. The organization of queuing is quite impressive and soon you realize you are just a few steps from the ticket office.

Once inside, you are surrounded by the colours and sounds of Wimbledon – the pristine grass courts, world-class players in crisp white, the smooth tones of the umpires announcing the scores. Courts are clearly marked and having a standing ticket makes it possible to wander around and make the most of this experience. Though Centre Court is impressive, some people prefer the more intimate atmosphere of the smaller courts where you are able to see famous players close up.

The only disappointment for me was the unbelievable price of the strawberries, but this is a minor flaw in an otherwise perfectly run event the atmosphere of which you will never forget.

Matura 2012 z języka angielskiego r 9

Matura 2012

Zadanie 9. (3 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 0,5 punktu.

AUSTRALIAN WILDLIFE

Australia is famous for its dangerous fauna. It is home to the world’s 10 most dangerous snakes, a variety of 9.1. ______ spiders, enormous crocodiles and huge flightless birds – ostriches or cassowaries – that can apparently knock a man down with one kick.

However, these species don’t show off their life-threatening abilities. The inland taipan is the most dangerous snake on the planet, yet nobody has ever died from its bite. The saltwater crocodile is the world’s largest reptile, with males growing up to seven metres 9.2. ______ length, yet fatal attacks on humans occur less than once per year. Funnel-web spiders are certainly poisonous, but claim fewer than one victim a year. 9.3. ______ are cassowaries met, let alone seen assaulting anyone.

9.4. ______, almost every Australian animal described as dangerous is actually shy and retiring. Mosquitoes are the obvious exception – nevertheless, malaria 9.5. ______ in Australia, and mosquito-borne diseases probably kill as few as five people a year. The most dangerous animal in Australia is probably the human. About 19 million of them 9.6. ______ here, and they are particularly dangerous behind the wheel of a car – 1,600 people are killed and 22,000 injured in traffic accidents every year. The bush is the safest
place to be.

adapted from Wildlife, June 2010

9.1. A. mortal B. fatal C. deadly D. terminal

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9.2. A. to B. in C. on D. at

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9.3. A. Rarely B. Either C. Not only D. Only then

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9.4. A. Apart from that fact B. On the surface C. In spite of that D. All in all

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9.5. A. has eradicated B. has to eradicate C. has been eradicated D. has had it eradicated

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9.6. A. reside B. occupy C. populate D. accommodate

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Matura 2012 z języka angielskiego r 8

Matura 2012

Zadanie 8. (4 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst, z którego usunięto cztery zdania. Dobierz brakujące zdania, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i spójny tekst. W każdą lukę (8.1.–8.4.) wpisz literę, którą oznaczone jest brakujące zdanie (A–F). Uwaga: dwa zdania zostały podane dodatkowo i nie pasują do tekstu. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

TIME MANAGEMENT

A Cambridge University tutor once said he was looking for two things in prospective students. What he wanted was intellect and besides that an ability to manage time. This coupling of intellect and time management may strike you as an odd pairing of the old and the new. 8.1. _____ The hours and minutes ticked away and you could either spend them wisely in the library, where they sometimes dragged a bit, or less wisely with friends, and then they skipped ahead.

But now we are hypnotized by time. 8.2. _____ We live longer, we work fewer hours than we did a hundred years ago, and thanks to hoovers and microwaves, we can carry out our chores very quickly. We should have plenty of time left to enjoy a slow, peaceful life. Yet, like most people, rather than have a quiet breakfast with the family, I eat my sandwiches over the keyboard while I check my e-mails.

According to a number of new books on time management, the answer is to slow down. Dr Edward Hallowell argues that we are now running so fast on our hamster wheels that we have lost sight of the things that really matter. But would slowing down really make things better? In my view, the pressure of time is usually a force for good. 8.3. _____ Though I often complain about being too busy, the truth is that I find it quite exciting.

Man has always worried about life being too fast, even when it was going at a speed that we would now regard as a snail’s pace. So what is our problem with time? The answer isn’t to go on a time management course and be taught how to make lists of priorities. 8.4. _____ In his bestseller Time: A User’s Guide, Stefan Klein suggests something different, that we develop a new culture of time, that we work in a rhythm that suits us.

adapted from www.bbc.co.uk

A. What is so odd is that we actually have more time than we’ve ever had before.
B. After a day or two of best behaviour we go back to our old ways – only worse, as we feel like failures.
C. As a first step to regaining control over time he suggests we should take off ourwatches and sit for half an hour doing nothing.
D. When I was a student, it didn’t occur to me that time was something that I could manage.
E. After what seemed like an eternity, I cracked and asked myself: ‘Do I really need to be doing this?’
F. It encourages us to get things done – and getting things done is surely satisfying.

W lukę 8.1. należy wstawić zdanie:

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W lukę 8.2. należy wstawić zdanie:

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W lukę 8.3. należy wstawić zdanie:

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W lukę 8.4. należy wstawić zdanie:

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Matura 2012 z języka angielskiego r 7

Matura 2012

Zadanie 7. (5 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

THE LUNCHEON

I caught sight of her at the play at the theatre, and in answer to her beckoning, I went over during the interval and sat down beside her. For some time I just listened to the animated discussion she and her companions were having. It was long since I had last seen her, and if someone had not mentioned her name, I hardly think I would have recalled seeing her before. She was so large. She addressed me brightly.
‘Well, it’s many years since we first met. Do you remember the first time I saw you? You asked me to luncheon.’ Did I remember?
It was twenty years ago and I was living in Paris. I had a tiny apartment in the Latin Quarter overlooking a cemetery, and I was earning very little money. She had read a book of mine and had written to me about it. I answered, thanking her, and presently I received from her another letter saying that she was passing through Paris and would like to have a chat with me; but the only free moment she had was on the following Thursday and would I give her a little luncheon at Foyot’s? Foyot’s is a restaurant at which the French senators eat, and it was so far beyond my means that I had never thought of going there. But I was flattered so I answered that I would meet her on Thursday at half past twelve.
I was surprised when the menu was brought, for the prices were a great deal higher than I had anticipated. But she reassured me.
‘I never eat anything for luncheon,’ she said.
‘Oh, don’t say that!’ I answered generously.
‘I never eat more than one thing. I wonder if they have any salmon.’
Well, it was early in the year for salmon, but I asked the waiter if there was any.
Yes, a beautiful salmon had just come in. I ordered it for my guest. The waiter asked her if she would have something while it was being cooked.
‘No,’ she answered, ‘I never eat more than one thing unless you have a little caviare.’ My heart sank. I knew I could not afford caviare, but I could not tell her that. I asked the waiter to bring caviare. For myself I chose the cheapest dish on the menu – a mutton chop.
‘I think you are unwise to eat meat,’ she said. ‘I don’t know how you can expect to work after eating such heavy things. I don’t believe in overloading my stomach.’ She ate the caviare and she ate the salmon. She talked about art and literature and music. But I wondered what the bill would come to.
‘I see that you’re in the habit of eating a heavy luncheon. Why don’t you follow my example and just eat one thing? I’m sure you’d feel so much better for it.’
‘I am only going to eat one thing,’ I said.
The waiter came again. She waved him aside with an airy gesture.
‘No. No. I never eat anything for luncheon. Just a bite. I couldn’t possibly eat anything more unless they had some of those giant asparagus. I should be sorry to leave Paris without having some of them.’
A happy smile spread over the waiter’s face, and he assured me that they had some.
‘I’m not hungry,’ my guest sighed, ‘but if you insist, I don’t mind having some asparagus.’
I ordered them. While we waited, I started to panic. It was not a question of how much money I should have left over for the rest of the month, but whether I had enough to pay the bill. The asparagus appeared.
‘Coffee?’ I said when she had finished eating.
‘Yes, just an ice cream and coffee,’ she answered. I ordered coffee for myself and an ice cream and coffee for her.
‘You know, there’s one thing I thoroughly believe in,’ she said, as she ate the ice cream. ‘One should always get up from a meal feeling one could eat a little more.’
‘Are you still hungry?’ I asked faintly.
‘Oh, no, I’m not hungry; you see, I don’t eat luncheon. I was speaking for you.’
The bill came, and when I paid it I found that I could only afford to leave three francs for the service. Her eyes rested for an instant on the money I left for the waiter, and I knew that she thought me mean. But I had the whole month before me and not a penny in my pocket.
‘Follow my example,’ she said as we shook hands, ‘and never eat more than one thing.’
‘I’ll do better than that,’ I replied. ‘I’ll eat nothing for dinner tonight.’
‘Humorist!’ she cried, jumping into a cab, ‘you’re quite a humorist!’
But I have had my revenge at last. Today she weighs more than a hundred kilos.

adapted from The Luncheon by Somerset Maugham

7.1. When the man joined the woman during the interval,
A. he asked her to remind him where they had met.
B. she introduced somebody to him.
C. she was reluctant to speak to him.
D. he found it difficult to recognize her.

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7.2. The man decided to have lunch with the woman at Foyot’s because he
A. had always wanted to know what drew French senators there.
B. had no idea it was an expensive place.
C. felt pleased with the interest the woman had taken in him.
D. hoped to further his career prospects.

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7.3. Which is true about the meal the man and woman had?
A. The woman disapproved of the food the man ordered for himself.
B. The food the woman ordered was recommended by the waiter.
C. The man ordered for himself the two cheapest dishes on the menu.
D. Both the man and the woman rounded their meal off with a frozen dessert.

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7.4. After leaving three francs for the waiter, the man realised that the woman
A. had played a joke on him.
B. considered the tip inadequate.
C. regretted having eaten so much.
D. understood that he was penniless.

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7.5. The man realised he had had his revenge on the woman when
A. she said he was amusing.
B. they finished their lunch.
C. she drove away in a taxi.
D. he met her at the theatre.

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Matura 2012 z języka angielskiego r 6

Matura 2012

Zadanie 6. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z instruktorką jazdy samochodem. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią nagrania. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

TRANSKRYPCJA

Zadanie 6.
Interviewer: To find out what it’s like to be a female driving instructor, we spoke to Kathy. What made you decide to set up your own driving school, Kathy?
Kathy: It all started with my Dad who suggested one day that I should do an advanced driving test. I decided to have a go and I was surprised by how much I enjoyed the experience and how well I did. At that time I was a sales representative, selling pharmaceuticals all over the country and I was fed up with working really hard to make someone else rich. I wanted to be self-employed and do something at which I could be an expert and I thought that since I had done so well at the advanced driving test, I might set up a driving school. Some of my friends had complained about their driving lessons so I thought that there was a chance for me. My parents were a little cautious, but I was really determined to try.
Interviewer: And are you satisfied with your career choice?
Kathy: Very much so. It offers so much variety! I’m involved in many different activities. Apart from doing driver training for beginners, I teach driving instructors, give presentations on road safety in local schools and run a new project called “National Driver Improvement Scheme”. It’s a special course which helps drivers who have had a crash to improve their driving skills. Just today, I did 2 hours’ driving instructor training
and then I went to St Helens, 30 miles away, to coach on this improvement course. And tomorrow I go back to lessons in my school. So as you see, each day is different.
Interviewer: There’s been a lot of talk about accidents caused by teenagers. What’s your opinion about young drivers?
Kathy: I think we should be concentrating on parents because people start to learn to drive from the age of 2. They watch Mum and Dad and how Mum and Dad act in the car becomes acceptable behaviour for those children. When we, at the driving school, get them at 17, and start teaching them to drive, they seem to accept our remarks and usually act accordingly. But the effect is short-lived. The moment they’ve passed the test, they immediately go back to the way of driving they’ve been used to for years.
Interviewer: What’s unique about your driving school?
Kathy: We are all trained in customer service. What I say to the customer is “I will put you with Charlie and if you’re not satisfied with him for whatever reason, ring me up and we’ll swap over”. If that pupil swaps to another instructor, the instructors will talk to each other, so there’s a bit of continuity. However, a lot of learners are scared to change instructors because even if they’ve had a bad one they are not sure that the new one will
be better.
Interviewer: What plans do you have for the future of your business?
Kathy: Well, basically, I want to be not so much the biggest, as the best driving school in Merseyside. I am looking to expand, but it will be on a one-at-a-time basis. I want my instructors to be satisfied so they don’t want to leave. I want to ensure that they’re really busy, so I won’t take on anyone else unless I know I can provide a new instructor with enough work and also keep the old instructors busy. What’s most significant to me is giving pupils quality service so they follow the highway code, respect pedestrians and do not exceed the speed limit. It can’t be the matter of just passing the test.
Interviewer: Thanks Kathy, it’s been great talking with you.

adapted from www.femaledrivinginstructors.co.uk

6.1. Kathy decided to set up her own driving school because she
A. lost her job as a sales representative.
B. was advised by her father to do so.
C. had many self-employed friends.
D. wanted to be her own boss.

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6.2. As far as Kathy’s work is concerned, she
A. needs to improve her driving skills constantly.
B. refuses offers of work outside her home town.
C. trains drivers who were involved in a collision.
D. prefers not to work with beginner learners.

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6.3. In Kathy’s opinion, after passing the driving test young drivers
A. begin to correct the way their parents drive.
B. adopt previously observed patterns of driving.
C. do their best to imitate the skills of their driving instructors.
D. need many years to drive according to what they were taught.

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6.4. In Kathy’s driving school
A. learners swap instructors willingly.
B. she chooses an instructor for her learners.
C. learners are trained by a few instructors as a rule.
D. instructors lose their job if a learner is dissatisfied.

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6.5. With reference to the future of her company, Kathy’s priority is to
A. teach learners how to drive safely.
B. employ new, better-trained instructors.
C. see to the rapid expansion of the school.
D. increase the number of learners passing tests.

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Matura 2012 z języka angielskiego r 5

Matura 2012

Zadanie 5. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wypowiedzi pięciu osób na temat muzyki. Do każdej wypowiedzi (5.1.–5.5.) dopasuj właściwe zdanie podsumowujące jej treść (A–F). Wpisz rozwiązania do tabeli. Uwaga: jedno zdanie zostało podane dodatkowo i nie odnosi się do żadnej wypowiedzi. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

TRANSKRYPCJA

Zadanie 5.
In our weekly vox pop, we asked the public to share their thoughts on the latest changes in the music business. Here’s what they said.

Speaker 1
In my opinion the future will revolve around finding innovative ways to use music, especially on the web. One example is music games – it’s an exciting new concept that is likely to catch on because it’s much more interactive than just listening to music. That’s the direction the music industry should follow and not just here but in other countries as well. People want to be more involved with music online and the IT experts working for music companies will surely come up with some imaginative solutions.

Speaker 2
I believe the first step to making money from music is to ensure the current copyright laws are enforced. Many countries, including ours, have got a perfectly good copyright system in place. The law is there, the whole idea’s just to execute it successfully. And if the law is upheld, then I think downloading will become less of an issue and the opportunities for the future of the music business are enormous. I think we’ve got a great future as an industry, as long as the government has got the strength to step up and support copyright.

Speaker 3
People pay for mobile phones, broadband internet and cable TV, so why not music? I feel the subscription model is the way forward for the music industry. Companies have to make use of the current eagerness of those who want to enjoy their favorite tunes to accept some expense. Then there will be no need to punish people for illegal copying. I really don’t think many people would protest against a moderate fee.

Speaker 4
A number of governments have introduced a system of fees on recording mediums like blank CDs and similar items. The money obtained from selling the items is used to finance musicians and songwriters for the money lost as a result of copying. If such a law works there, why don’t we adopt such regulations here? I suppose what’s good for people abroad, might be good for us, too.

Speaker 5
I think 95% of music that’s downloaded illegally could be turned into music that’s downloaded by legal means if we take the right steps. Instead of cutting people off from the Internet, it would be better to send the worst offenders into studios for a week to do community service. There, they would see how difficult and tiresome the process of making music is. I’m sure after such a lesson, they wouldn’t even consider stealing music again.

adapted from www.whatprice.co.uk

A. Most music lovers won’t mind buying music from the net cheaply.
B. Downloading music illegally will be a growing problem.
C. It is vital to make the existing legal regulations work.
D. There should be a different punishment for stealing music.
E. The Internet will employ music in more creative ways.
F. It is worth trying out solutions adopted in other countries.

Dla wypowiedzi 5.1. zdanie podsumowujące to:

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Dla wypowiedzi 5.2. zdanie podsumowujące to:

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Dla wypowiedzi 5.3. zdanie podsumowujące to:

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Dla wypowiedzi 5.4. zdanie podsumowujące to:

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Dla wypowiedzi 5.5. zdanie podsumowujące to:

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Matura 2012 z języka angielskiego r 4

Matura 2012

ROZUMIENIE SŁUCHANEGO TEKSTU

Zadanie 4. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wypowiedź Marka na temat jego nowego stylu życia. Zaznacz znakiem X, które zdania są zgodne z treścią nagrania (T – True), a które nie (F – False). Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

TRANSKRYPCJA

Zadanie 4.
Interviewer: In 2008, an economics graduate and former businessman gave up the one resource we all crave more of: money. The man I’m talking about is Mark Boyle, who is in the studio with us today. Mark, you must have been an ardent ecologist if you took up such a radical challenge.

To tell you the truth, at first, I wasn’t. In six years of studying economics, not once did I hear the word “ecology”. So, if it hadn’t been for the chance purchase of a video about Gandhi, the famous Indian leader, I’d probably have ended up earning a fine living in a very respectable job persuading Indian farmers to grow genetically modified food crops, or doing something equally meaningless. But Ghandi gave me one huge lesson, he taught me that to change the world we have to start with ourselves.

One of the first things I realised was that I was looking at the world in the same way a medical practitioner looks at a patient, seeing symptoms and wondering how to fight them, without any thought for the root cause of the illness. I came to the conclusion that primarily, it is money that is responsible for the damage we inflict on our planet. If we grew our own food, we wouldn’t waste a third of it as we do today. If we had to clean our own drinking water, we probably wouldn’t contaminate it. If we made our own tables and chairs, we wouldn’t throw them out the moment we changed the interior decor. Money enables us to buy more and more, and waste more and more and the consequences are disastrous for our planet.

So, to change the world I had to start with myself, which meant I’d have to give up cash. I made a list of everything I buy and tried to figure out which items I could get in another way. For toothpaste, for example, I use some seeds. Most of the year I eat my own crops. I get around on my old bike.

It’s true that everything takes more effort in a moneyless world. Washing clothes takes a couple of hours of scrubbing with hand-made soap. Even a cup of tea takes half an hour to make! But it’s all worth it because the feeling of liberation and connection with nature it has afforded me compensates for the minor inconveniences.

You might think it’s frustrating trying to socialise with no money especially if, like me, you grew up in Northern Ireland where it’s a show of manliness to invite your mates to the pub. But now I invite them back to my caravan instead to have homemade food around the campfire, and in the open air, it’s much more fun.

I’m often asked what I miss about my old world. What should I miss? Stress? Traffic jams? Bank statements? Utility bills? Definitely none of these.

adapted from www.guardian.co.uk

4.1. One of the jobs Mark did involved encouraging Indian farmers to produce genetically modified food.

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4.2. Mark considers money a major factor contributing to the pollution of the environment.

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4.3. Mark doesn’t mind doing time-consuming domestic chores.

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4.4. Living without money has ruined Mark’s social life.

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4.5. Mark is soon going to return to his previous lifestyle.

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Matura 2011 z języka angielskiego r 9

Matura 2011

Zadanie 9. (3 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 0,5 punktu.

What kind of house will we buy in the future? Would you like your plants to call your cell phone to tell you that they need to 9.1. ____? Or a house that helps you lower your energy 9.2. ____ by automatically turning off the lights when you leave a room? It may sound like science fiction, but it already exists at the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago, Illinois.

The Smart Home uses green technology to keep 9.3. ____ of the energy it uses, including electricity, water and gas. The house’s energy dashboard keeps you informed of your energy use through your television and computer and greets you 9.4. ____ updates when you walk through the door.

The Smart Home is made entirely of recyclable and renewable materials and painted with paint that has 9.5. ____ toxins, so it is completely safe even for small children. The furnishings are made from used light bulbs, plastic bottles and other renewable materials, but 9.6. ____ you didn’t know, you would never guess. They look really stylish and comfortable!

www.timeforkids.com

9.1. A. be watered B. having been watered C. have watered D. water

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9.2. A. receipt B. bill C. account D. record

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9.3. A. an eye B. guard C. track D. balance

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9.4. A. through B. with C. by D. on

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9.5. A. no B. not C. neither D. none

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9.6. A. while B. until C. unless D. if

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