Zadanie 6. (0–5) Przeczytaj dwa teksty na temat pracy. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D.
When I finally decided to give up busking, I felt a mixture of emotions. Part of me was angry, however, another part of me began to see I had an opportunity to put the past behind me. I knew I couldn’t carry on singing on street corners all my life. I had to move on. That was all very well in theory, of course. But no one was going to give me a job. It wasn’t because I was stupid, I knew that. Thanks to the IT work I’d done when I was a teenager back in Australia, I was fairly knowledgeable when it came to computers. But I didn’t have any relevant experience in the UK to rely on and if a prospective employer asked me where I’d spent the past ten years, I wouldn’t be able to say I’d been working for Google or Microsoft. So I had to forget that. There wasn’t even any point in my applying to do a training course in computing because they wouldn’t accept me. I had been homeless for years and didn’t even have an O level to my name.
I realised that there was only one option – selling the Big Issue1 . I didn’t have the luxury of waiting for something else to turn up. So the next day I set off for Covent Garden. I had to find Sam, the area’s Big Issue coordinator. Selling the Big Issue is not easy. People often come up to you and say “get a job”. They think that the sellers are given the magazines for free but it’s not the case. The philosophy of the Big Issue is “you have to have money to make money”. You get a small number of free magazines only on the first day. Once you’ve sold them, you purchase further copies for £1.25 and sell them for £2.50, thereby making a £1.25 income per copy. You need to plan carefully how many magazines you buy every day because if you make no money, you can’t afford copies to sell the next day.
I had tried it once, yet, for me it hadn’t worked out. I gave it up after a few months but I could still remember some of the grim, monotonous days I’d spent trying to tempt Londoners to part with their cash in return for a magazine. But I’d been invisible. They would turn their backs on me or do all they could to avoid me. That’s why I’d turned to busking, at least then I had my music to attract people’s attention. I wouldn’t have considered going back to selling the Big Issue if it hadn’t been for my cat, Bob. He had transformed my fortunes on the street incredibly. If I could do as well selling the Big Issue as I’d done busking with Bob, then my life would take a turn for the better.
6.1. In the second paragraph, the narrator explains why
A. he had no previous experience in computing.
B. his skills were irrelevant in Australia.
C. an IT job was not an option for him in the UK.
D. Google and Microsoft turned down his job application.
6.2. People who sell the Big Issue in the street
A. have to be able to manage their finances.
B. collect money for the charity of their choice.
C. get a few free copies of the magazine every day.
D. are paid a fixed salary regardless of the number of copies sold.
6.3. When the narrator recalls his first experience of selling the Big Issue, he mentions
A. the tricks he used to attract the attention of potential buyers.
B. the joyful moments with his cat accompanying him at work.
C. the severe depression he luckily managed to overcome.
D. the behaviour of people passing him by in the street.
WALKING DOGS FOR A LIVING
Gazing out on a sunny summer day from behind the office desks, there are few people who have never thought of being a river guide or a rancher. For many dog lovers, those outdoorsy dreams concern dog walking. It’s a common misconception that dog walking is undemanding. No doubt this illusion stems from the humble beginnings of the profession. Once upon the 1960s, people simply paid the kid down the street a dollar to take Fido out for them. As we’ve packed ourselves into tighter urban spaces with growing crime rates and heavier traffic, the risks involved in a kid walking Fido no longer allow for that solution. But pet owners have even less time and available space to walk Fido, who still needs regular, vigorous exercise beyond what he can get in our small backyards. That’s why professional dog walking was born. And a professional is what it takes to safely navigate six to eight unruly dogs through heavily used natural spaces.
Unaware of the hardships, many walkers start out with the experience of walking their own pets. Soon they realize the job involves more than it’s commonly believed. It starts with having the appropriate licences. It’s about interacting skillfully with other trail users and knowing what to do if a fight breaks out. Bad weather brings its own set of trials such as cleaning up soaked and muddy pets. That, however, is not all there is to dog walking. Most of all, it is a business like any other and as such it involves paperwork, customer service, accounting, and an endless list of rules and regulations most of us are not aware of.
Still, a lot of dog walkers think they have the best job in the world. One former lawyer once told me, “My worst day on the trail is better than the best day in my old job.”
6.4. One of the reasons why professional dog walking started was that
A. there appeared more vigorous breeds of dogs which needed more exercise.
B. dog owners could afford to pay more for having their pets walked.
C. city dwellers moved to houses without backyards.
D. walking dogs was no longer safe for kids.
6.5. In the third paragraph, the author
A. ridicules people who give up professional careers for dog walking.
B. makes the reader aware of the challenges dog walkers have to face.
C. expresses his doubts whether teenagers should engage in dog walking.
D. explains why new rules regulating the dog walking profession are necessary.
Zadanie 7. (0–4) Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst. Zakreśl literę A, B, C albo D.
SUPER BOWL COMMERCIALS
Television advertisements are typically skipped, but when it 7.1. _____ to Super Bowl commercials, that’s not the case. The vast majority of Super Bowl spectators are Americans, and they eagerly await breaks in the big game to see which commercials impress them the most. In the days to follow, national surveys will judge which advertisement carried the best viewer response. Over the past decades ads 7.2. _____ an increasingly significant aspect of the event. Sometimes they are discussed even more than the game 7.3. _____. Which commercials cost the most to make? Which ones were surprisingly cheap? These are the two most frequently asked questions. 7.4. _____ the answers, one of the most popular commercials was a Doritos tortilla chips advert which cost only about $500 to make. Altogether, around 60 commercials were broadcast throughout the game, with prices up to $4 million for 30-second slots.