Ćwiczenia online

Matura 2012

ROZUMIENIE SŁUCHANEGO TEKSTU

Zadanie 4. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wypowiedź Marka na temat jego nowego stylu życia. Zaznacz znakiem X, które zdania są zgodne z treścią nagrania (T – True), a które nie (F – False). Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

TRANSKRYPCJA

Zadanie 4.
Interviewer: In 2008, an economics graduate and former businessman gave up the one resource we all crave more of: money. The man I’m talking about is Mark Boyle, who is in the studio with us today. Mark, you must have been an ardent ecologist if you took up such a radical challenge.

To tell you the truth, at first, I wasn’t. In six years of studying economics, not once did I hear the word “ecology”. So, if it hadn’t been for the chance purchase of a video about Gandhi, the famous Indian leader, I’d probably have ended up earning a fine living in a very respectable job persuading Indian farmers to grow genetically modified food crops, or doing something equally meaningless. But Ghandi gave me one huge lesson, he taught me that to change the world we have to start with ourselves.

One of the first things I realised was that I was looking at the world in the same way a medical practitioner looks at a patient, seeing symptoms and wondering how to fight them, without any thought for the root cause of the illness. I came to the conclusion that primarily, it is money that is responsible for the damage we inflict on our planet. If we grew our own food, we wouldn’t waste a third of it as we do today. If we had to clean our own drinking water, we probably wouldn’t contaminate it. If we made our own tables and chairs, we wouldn’t throw them out the moment we changed the interior decor. Money enables us to buy more and more, and waste more and more and the consequences are disastrous for our planet.

So, to change the world I had to start with myself, which meant I’d have to give up cash. I made a list of everything I buy and tried to figure out which items I could get in another way. For toothpaste, for example, I use some seeds. Most of the year I eat my own crops. I get around on my old bike.

It’s true that everything takes more effort in a moneyless world. Washing clothes takes a couple of hours of scrubbing with hand-made soap. Even a cup of tea takes half an hour to make! But it’s all worth it because the feeling of liberation and connection with nature it has afforded me compensates for the minor inconveniences.

You might think it’s frustrating trying to socialise with no money especially if, like me, you grew up in Northern Ireland where it’s a show of manliness to invite your mates to the pub. But now I invite them back to my caravan instead to have homemade food around the campfire, and in the open air, it’s much more fun.

I’m often asked what I miss about my old world. What should I miss? Stress? Traffic jams? Bank statements? Utility bills? Definitely none of these.

adapted from www.guardian.co.uk

4.1. One of the jobs Mark did involved encouraging Indian farmers to produce genetically modified food.

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4.2. Mark considers money a major factor contributing to the pollution of the environment.

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4.3. Mark doesn’t mind doing time-consuming domestic chores.

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4.4. Living without money has ruined Mark’s social life.

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4.5. Mark is soon going to return to his previous lifestyle.

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Roman Rzadkowski - autor