Matura 2011 z języka angielskiego 4-5

Matura 2011

ROZUMIENIE PISANEGO TEKSTU

Zadanie 4. (7 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Dobierz właściwy nagłówek (A–H) do każdego fragmentu tekstu. Wpisz odpowiednią literę w miejsca 4.1.–4.7. Uwaga: jeden nagłówek został podany dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnego fragmentu tekstu. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

A. Buy local products
B. Produce less rubbish
C. Avoid flying
D. Take part in local cultural events
E. Share your travel books
F. Find a green travel agent
G. Drive less
H. Save energy

GREEN TRAVEL TIPS
About 700 million people worldwide travel every year, which is harmful for the environment. There’s a lot you can do to travel responsibly and reduce the environmental effects of travelling.

4.1. ___

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The public transport system in Britain is excellent. Try to include car-free days into your holiday. Remember that cycling is a great environmentally friendly way to get around. And why not check if the place you want to visit is within walking distance? Sightseeing on foot will keep you fit!

4.2. ___

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Hotels use large amounts of electricity to light rooms, do the laundry and heat water. In your accommodation, turn off the lights and take short showers instead of baths. Simple things like using your towels more than once or turning off the air-conditioning can make a big difference.

4.3. ___

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Book flights with airlines that recycle packages left after serving food to passengers. In hotel rooms, reuse the plastic cups, or bring your own reusable cups. And do not take plastic bags for your shopping. It’s really important to reduce waste.

4.4. ____

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Do your shopping in small independent shops. Try regional food specialities and don’t miss farmers’ markets where you can discover delicious selections of meats, cheeses, and organic products.

4.5. ____

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Once you’ve finished your trip, pass on your sightseeing guides and brochures to a friend or second-hand bookshop. You can also leave them at your hotel for another guest to use – that way you’ll have less to carry back home and someone else will take advantage of local attractions.

4.6. _____

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Did you know you can take connecting trains from hundreds of European destinations direct to London’s King’s Cross Station? Planes produce huge amounts of pollution, so whenever possible consider travelling by train or coach.

4.7. ____

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Before you book a package tour or an excursion, ask the tour operator about group size and the hotels you are going to stay in. Remember that smaller groups and smaller hotels are better for the environment. Local tourist guides are also an advantage. They can tell you more about local culture than any travel book.

adapted from www.visitbritain.co.uk

Zadanie 5. (6 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Zaznacz znakiem X, które zdania są zgodne z treścią tekstu (T – True), a które nie (F – False). Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.

BEN & JERRY’S – THE MEN BEHIND THE ICE CREAM

Ice cream is a sweet treat that most people like. Although vanilla is the most popular flavor worldwide, the number of varieties and producers is endless. One of the best-known companies producing ice cream in America is Ben & Jerry’s. But who were Ben and Jerry and how did they succeed?
Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield were childhood friends and classmates who grew up in Brooklyn. They both had some experience of work while they were at school. Ben drove an ice cream truck and Jerry sold candy and snacks in the school cafeteria. However, after graduating from high school they went their own ways. Ben attended various colleges in the Northeast but failed his exams and decided to leave his studies to teach pottery on a working farm in the Adirondack region. Jerry attended Oberlin College where he studied medicine. After graduating, Jerry returned to New York to work as a lab technician.
While working there, he shared a Manhattan apartment with Ben and that’s when they decided to go into the food business together.
At first they thought about making bagels or setting up a bakery but they found out that the necessary equipment was too expensive. Instead, they chose ice cream. They decided Burlington was an ideal location for an ice cream shop because it was a college town with many young people and virtually no competition. They moved out of New York, took a course in ice cream making and in 1978 opened the first Ben & Jerry’s in a converted gas station.
Their original ice cream shop became the locals’ favorite, not only thanks to its wonderful ice cream and creative flavors. Ben and Jerry also did their best to connect with the community by organizing special events, for example film festivals, and giving away free scoops of ice cream on the first anniversary of the store opening. The tradition still continues today, so if you happen to be in the US on the right day, you can also get your free scoop of Ben and Jerry’s ice cream.

adapted from www.entrepreneurs.about.com/od/famousentrepreneurs/p/benandjerrys.htm

5.1. When they were at school, Ben and Jerry did the same job.

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5.2. They decided to set up an ice cream company when they were at university.

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5.3. Ben and Jerry had other business ideas before opening an ice cream shop.

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5.4. They opened their first ice cream shop in New York.

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5.5. Ben and Jerry wanted to have good relations with the local people.

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5.6. The text is about the most popular ice cream flavors in the USA.

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