Matura 2008 z języka angielskiego 4-5

Matura 2008


Zadanie 4. (7 pkt)
Przeczytaj poniższy tekst. Do każdej części tekstu (4.1. – 4.7.) dopasuj zdanie, podsumowujące jej treść (A – H) i wpisz w każdą kratkę odpowiednią literę. Jedno zdanie nie odnosi się do żadnego tekstu. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.

A. The colour represents the way you earn money.
B. Somebody who is different from the others.
C. Life is rarely so clear.
D. You knew who was who.
E. The real world is full of lies.
F. It’s a more official way.
G. Not all lies are harmful.
H. Black is not always negative.


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A ‘black sheep’ is a person who ignores tradition or does things that are not accepted. A family may have a member who is not like them. This person brings shame to his/her group and is not welcome at family meetings.


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‘White hats’ and ‘black hats’ were symbols of the ‘good guys’ and the ‘bad guys’ in American western movies. The early movies were made with no sound, so the film directors put a white hat on the hero and a black hat on the bad guy. That way even a small child could tell who the hero was.


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Black is also used in some expressions that describe good things. Being ‘in the black’ is a good situation. It is a business expression that means a company has made a profit. The expression comes from the colour of ink used in the books that record a company’s profits or losses. Profits are written in black and losses are written in red.


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A ‘white collar’ job is the kind of job many people want to have. It is a job where you work at a desk, using your brain instead of your muscles. Usually ‘white-collar’ jobs pay more than ‘blue-collar’ jobs – jobs where you use your physical strength.


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Some expressions use black and white together. Someone may say that your suggestion sounds all right, but he wants to see it in black and white. He wants to get a formal document in writing or in print – black ink on white paper.


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Some people see things only in black and white. In this expression, black and white represent opposite extremes. Most things in the world aren’t so simple. One side of an issue is not all good and the other side is not all bad. In the real world there are many grey areas where black and white mix to represent the true situation.


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We know that we should tell the truth, but is it always good? Sometimes people say something which is not true because they don’t want to hurt their friends or relatives. In other words they tell ‘a white lie’.

adapted from ‘Words and their Stories’

Zadanie 5. (6 pkt)
Przeczytaj poniższy tekst. Na podstawie informacji w nim zawartych zdecyduj, które zdania są zgodne z treścią tekstu (TRUE), a które nie (FALSE).
Zaznacz znakiem X odpowiednią rubrykę w tabeli. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.

Holidaying at home is fun and quite cheap, says writer Peter Major from London. This is what he says in one of his books:

“We live a couple of tube stops from King’s Cross in London, so we can easily travel by train and help fight global warming by avoiding flying. Flights abroad might seem cheap, but when you consider the taxes and cost of getting to the airport, they’re not. It’s over £20 return to Stansted Airport on the train.

What I like doing is booking special fares on the train, and using our family rail card, which saves money and guarantees seats. There’s nothing like getting value for money, and the joy of knowing you will have somewhere to sit however crowded the train. On most trains our two daughters can walk up and down the corridors and enjoy trips to the buffet. Some train services even provide crayons for kids. Our eldest daughter actually learnt to crawl on the train.

If you book a cottage or a B&B in advance and shop around, it’s no more expensive than a foreign hotel. And although it rains, it has never spoilt our holiday: wet walks, board games, table tennis or just having the time to listen to raindrops can be fun. There are so many things to do at home. Our children have had great holidays swimming in Lake Coniston, exploring ruined abbeys in Yorkshire and picnicking in beautiful valleys. Staying in the UK
is great for your kids’ knowledge of history, too.

Europe’s greatest wilderness is in the Scottish Highlands. A couple of years ago, we took the sleeper to Inverness, and travelled on (in a rented car and then in two boats) to the island of Taransay – where, on a summer day, it looked like the South Pacific and we had a beach of beautiful white sand all to ourselves.”

This is an extract from Save Cash and Save the Planet. Find out more – see our books about holidaying in the UK, ethical tourism and ideas for getting away from it all – with traffic-free cycle trails and wildlife walks.

adapted from / living / poundsavers

5.1. According to Peter Major, train travellers are friendly to the environment.

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5.2. In Peter’s opinion, flying is inexpensive these days.

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5.3. Peter’s children find journeys by train interesting.

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5.4. Bad weather has a bad effect on the Majors’ holiday plans.

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5.5. A few years ago the family took a trip to a South Pacific island.

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5.6. Peter Major has found some useful information in the book Save Cash and Save the Planet.

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